The ADBA Pit Bull Confirmation Standard

I. Introduction

       A. To truly understand any breed standard, one must know the history behind a breeds existence. 

       B. The purpose of a judge is the unbiased selection of quality breeding stock with true breed type.

       C. The responsibility of judging is to put up the dogs that conform most to the conformation standard leaving personal bias aside.

II. Overall Appearance         20 points

       A. Conforming to breed type

                  1. Should look like an American Pit Bull Terrier from across the ring

                  2. Sturdy, three dimensional. Giving the impression of strength, not slight or frail.

                  3. Appears square, with heavy boned, solid front end with a light and springy back end.

                  4. Should look athletic, not bulky. Musculature should be smooth but defined.

                  5. Presentation of an adult dog should be of a lean, exercised animal showing a hint of rib and backbone (without hipbones showing) with muscles firm and defined. Clean, glossy coat with short trimmed nails. Presentation of dogs in the puppy classes should be of a well nourished puppy, showing no ribs, backbone or hips. Coat should be glossy with short, trimed nails.

       B. Balance

             1. Equal angulation of front and rear assembly – judged best at the trot.

             2. Height to weight ratio – the tallest dog at a given weight

             3. Head size in proportion to the body, with a neck long enough to have the head appear above the top of the back when head is in a normal upright position.

       C. Presentation

             1. Dog is socialized , showing interest in things around him.

             2. Although some degree of dog aggressiveness is characteristic of the breed, unruly behavior will detract from the judges ability to accurately judge an individual dogs conformation.

        D. Health

             1.The vitality of the dogs spirit, the gloss of the dogs coat and the sharpness of the dogs eye, will exude the healthfulness of the individual animal.

             2. Colors or color patterns known to be genetically linked to health problems will be considered a serious fault . Major faults: merle color pattern, albinism(white dog with blue or pink eyes, pink nose, lips, no pigment present on pads, rims of eyes etc.)

III. Attitude             10 points

       A. Confident and alert

       B. Interested in things around them, in control of their space, not threatened by anything in their surroundings.

       C. Gentle with loved ones Faults: shy or timid

IV. Back end               30 points

       A. Loin

             1. Broad and long enough to square the dog. Too short can interfere with a dogs flexibility. Too long a loin causes the dog to carry excessive weight and affect a dogs agility and quickness..

       B. Hip

             1. Long and sloping with adequate width. This can be judged by the set of the tail, which should be low.

             2. Ideal slope of hip should be 30 degrees to the ground.

       C. Proportions of the back leg.

              1. The femur should be of a length so that the stifle joint is proportioned in the upper 1/3 of the rear assembly.

              2. The tibia-fibula is the longer bone of the rear assembly

              3. The length of the metatarsal is moderate, with muscles that attach equally on each side of the bone so that the hocks move parallel to each other, deviating neither in or out. The metatarsals bones, hock and lower part of the tibia will be light, fine and springy.

              4. Rear angulation – ratio between the lengths of the bones and the muscles which attach on these bones, causes a bent stifle which leads to a well bent hock. This contributes to the natural springiness that is desired in the rear assembly.

              5. The muscle attachment is long and deep, well past the joint , which causes the muscles to appear smooth, but defined. (Not bunchy).

Faults: short or flat hip, straight stifle, double jointed or slipped hock, cow hocked, bunchy muscles.

V. Front end            20 points


3 Responses to The ADBA Pit Bull Confirmation Standard

  1. pitbull says:

    ADBA, American Dog Breeders Association!

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